International Journal of Energy Engineering          
International Journal of Energy Engineering(IJEE)
ISSN:2225-6563(Print)
ISSN:2225-6571(Online)
Frequency: Yearly
Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Sri Bandyopadhyay(Australia)
Preparation of Biodiesel from Karanja Oil
Full Paper(PDF, 4391KB)
Abstract:
Biodiesel was prepared from the non-edible oil of Karanja by transesterification of the crude oil with methanol in the presence of NaOH as catalyst. A maximum conversion of 92% (oil to ester) was achieved at 600c. Important fuel properties of methyl esters of biodiesel produced from karanja oil like viscosity, flash point ,fire point ,calorific value etc., was found out and compared to the properties of Indian standard biodiesel.
Keywords:Karanja oil, Biodiesel, Transesterification
Author: Venkata Ramesh Mamilla1, M. V. Mallikarjun1, G. Lakshmi Narayana Rao2
1.St. Peter’s University, Chennai
2.Principal Department of Mechanical Engineering QIS Institute of Technology Ongole, Andhra Pradesh
References:
  1. Y.C.Sharma, B.Singh "Development of biodiesel from karanja, a tree found in rural India"Journal of Fuel, 1740-1742, 87 (2008).
  2. Ganesan V. (2003), "Internal combustion Engines", Mcgraw Hill Publications, New Delhi.
  3. Heywood J.B. (1998), ''Internal combustion Engines Fundamentals", Mcgraw Hill, New York.
  4. Sanjib Kumar Karmee,Anju Chadha “Preparation of biodiesel from crude oil pongamia pinnata”Journal of Bioresource Technology 96 (2005) 1425 -1429.
  5. Vivek and A.K.Gupta “Biodiesel production from karanja oil” Journal of Scientific& Industrial Research,Vol 63 ,January 2004,pp 39-47.
  6. L.C.Mehar ,S.N.Naik and L.M.Das “Methanolysis of Pongamia pinnata(karanja) oil for Production of biodiesel” Journal of Scientific& Industrial Research,Vol 63 ,November 2004,pp 913-918.
  7. Sagar Pramodrao Kadu,Rajendra H.Sarda “Experimental Investigations on the use of Preheated neat karanja oil as fuel in a compression ignition engine” World academy of Science, Engineering and Technology, 72, 2010 pp 540-544.
  8. 8. P.K.Srivastava,Madhumita Verma “ Methyl Ester of karanja oil as an alternate renewable source energy” Journal of Fuel, 1673–1677, 87 (2008).
  9. Sudipta choudhury and Dr. P.K.Bose “ Karanja oil-its potential and suitability as biodiesel.
  10. H.Raheman,A.G.Phadatare “ Diesel engine emissions and performance from blends of karanja methyl ester and diesel” Journal of Biomass & Bioenergy 27 (2004) 393-397.
  11. K.Sureshkumar,R.Velraj,R.Ganesan "Performance and exhaust emission characteristics of a CI engine fueled with pongamia pinnata methyl ester (PPME) and its blends with diesel" Journal of Renewable Energy 33 (2008) 2294-2302.
  12. Magin Lapuerta, Octavio Armas , Jose Rodriguez-Fernandez " Effect of biodiesel fuels on diesel engine emissions" Journal of progress in energy and combustion science 34 (2008) 198-223.
  13. Thaim Leng Chew,Subhash Bhatia " Catalytic processes towards the production of biofuels in a palm oil and oil palm biomass- based biorefinery"Journal of Bioresource Technology 99(2008) 7911-7922.
  14. Mustafa Canakci,Ahmet Erdil,Erol Arcaklioglu"Performance and exhaust emissions of a biodiesel engine" Journal of Applied energy (2006) 594-605.
  15. Tamilvendhan.D,Ilangovan.V " Performance,emission and combustion characteristics of a methyl ester sunflower oil-eucalyptus oil in a single cylinder air cooled and direct injection diesel engine" International journal of engineering science and technology (IJEST) vVol.3 No.3 March 2011 pp 1977-1985.
  16. Avinash kumar agarwal " Biofuels (alcohols and biodiesel) applications as fuels for internal combustion engines" Journal of progress in energy and combustion science 33 (2007) 233-271.
  17. C.V.Sudhir,N.Y.Sharma and P.Mohanan "Potential of waste cooking oils as biodiesel feed stock" Emirates journal for engineering research ,12(3),69-75 (2007).
  18. Yong wang, Shiyi ou, Pengzhan liu, Feng xue, Shuze tang " Comparison of two dfferent proceses to synthesize biodiesel by waste cooking oil" Journal of molecular catalysis A:Chemical 252 (2006) 107-112.
  19. Pedro Felizardo, M.Joana neiva correia, Idalina raposo, Joao F.Mendes, Rui Berkemeier, Joao Moura bourdado " Production of biodiesel from waste frying oils" Jornal of waste management 26(2006) 487 -494.
  20. Magin lapuerta , Jose M.Herreros, Lisbeth L.Lyons, Reyes Garcia-contreras, Yolanda briceno "Effect of the alcohol type used in the production of waste cooking oil biodiesel on diesel performance and emissions" Journal of Fuel 87 (2008) 3161-3169.
  21. S.Chongkhong,C.Tongurai,P.Chetpattananondh,C.Bunyakan " Biodiesel production by esterification of palm fatty acid distillate" Journal Biomass and Bioenergy 31(2007) 563-568.
  22. Pedro Benjumea, John Agudelo, Andres Agudelo "Basic properties of palm oil biodiesel-diesel blends" Journal of Fuel 87 (2008) 2069-2075.
  23. M.Pugazhvadivu, K.Jeyachandran " Investigations on the performance and exhaust emissions of a diesel engine using preheated waste frying oil as fuel" Journal of Renewable energy 30 (2005) 2189-2202.
  24. Y.C.Sharma, B.Singh, S.N.Upadhyay " Advancements in development and characterization of biodiesel: A review" Journal of Fuel 87 (2008) 2355-2373.
  25. Fangrui Ma,Milford A.Hanna " Biodiesel production : A review 1 Journal of Bioresource Technolgy 70(1999) 1-15.
  26. Onkar S.Tyagi,Neeraj Atray,Basant Kumar and Arunabha Datta "Production, Characterization and development of standards for biodiesel- A review" Journal of metrology society of India ,Vol.25,No.3,2010 ,pp 197-218.
  27. K.Khalisanni,K.Khalizani,M.S.Rohani and P.O.Khalid " Analysis of waste cooking oil as raw material for biofuel production" Global journal of environmental research 2 (2):81-83,2008.
  28. Arjun B.Chhetri,K.Chris watts and M.Rafiqul Islam " Waste cooking oil as an alternate feedstock for biodiesel production" Jornal of energies 2008.1,3-18.